Politics

THE PROBLEM AND SOLUTION RESEARCH ESSAY

Birds-eye View Photo of Freight Containers by Tom Fisk.

Let us who are fellow-citizens, unite with one heart and one mind. Let us restore to social intercourse that harmony and affection without which liberty and even life itself are but dreary things. And let us reflect that, having banished from our jobs that human rights intolerance under which American workers are so beggared and suffered, and yet we have yet gained little in our jobs to support our families if we countenance economy intolerance as despotic that capable to absolutely tyrannize the Constitution in which we trust that protecting us from slavery and oppression, and depriving our rights to have a kind of job good enough to feed ourselves and our families. Let us then, with courage and confidence pursue our own State and Federal principles, our attachment to union and representative government to prove the repeated injuries and usurpations that we are American workers, and we are being forced to give up our jobs and our minds. Let us finally, with no fear, submit the facts that exporting American jobs overseas is depressing us and affecting the US economy.

Returning back to the glorious time in history in this country, during the Industrial Revolution, America was the leader in making products and creating wealth. We were using our intellectuals, common senses and unities to build America into the richest nation in the world. We were so proud of ourselves when we could create the best caste system than any country and any time before. This was the middle class. This concept had never been said before our Industrial Revolution. A good country is based on neither having a majority of rich people, because nobody would work to produce goods nor poor people since they do not have enough properties to support themselves. Rather, it is based on a mass of middle class people who have enough financial resources to support their families, their governments and a free mind to involve them in politics, but yet they are not so rich to stop having motivation to work for more. However, many of them have been left behind to see their factory jobs are being outsourced to foreign nations. Outsourcing in the U.S. has obviously enriched the heads of corporations, but for our workers, consumers and economy, outsourcing creates more issues. I hold these truths to be undeniable:

US multinational corporations in which our grandfathers and fathers were contributing their development now are turning their back on us to ship our job positions overseas. They are trying to replace American positions with a foreign workforce. According to U.S Commerce Department, since 1990, multinational corporations in this country added jobs everywhere. During the 2000s, they decreased their employment in the U.S. by 2.9 million while increasing workers overseas by 2.4 million. This resulted in the newest statistics of U.S Department of Labor, released in August 2013, that there are still 11.5 million unemployed Americans.

We are facing the brunt of the overseas manufacturing expansions. During and after World War II, the U.S witnessed the revolution of “Rosie the Riverter” in which American women were taking jobs in offices, factories and battlefields. This, in turn, changed the face of the U.S forever. They are now an importance workforce in the economy. But now, we are facing another revolution, which is continuing to happen gradually. It is the collapse of American workforce. In a report on outsourcing by Working America, “Manufacturing employment collapsed from a high of 19.5 million workers in June 1979 to 11.5 workers in December 2009, a drop of 8 million workers over 30 years” (“Outsourced” 13). It is the longest period of time in decreasing American workers after the Great Depression. We have to be alarmed that the near future will decrease the middle class which has been driving this country in the past, present and future. This leads to the damage of communities in America.

America’s economy is paying the cost of sending jobs overseas. The estimation in the federal budget that was seen in the early 1940s would result in a nearly $20 trillion budget today, but now China do holds $1.2 trillion in U.S. government debt and Americans are struggling to pay it. Entering WTO in 2001 let China get involved in the worldwide economy and founded trade relationships with US. For a decade, American investors and multinational corporations have invested their businesses more in China than any other countries. It is a well-known fact that Chinese goods flood into America and to pay for them, US dollars flooded into China, but instead of spending money on their big population, this communist government let Americans borrow their money. Unfortunately, Uncle Sam was trapped into a perfect system in which cheap goods and cheap money flowing into America, was all controlled by Maoists. In another report of U.S Commerce Department, the American balance of trade with China in the first six months in 2013 was negative $28,000 million. This means the US imported from China more than America exported to here. This is the clear consequence for not to manufacturing products in America but in China.

Why did this happen? Are the jobs that built America gone forever? Will everything that was made in America disappeared? As one of the Library of Congress surveys showed, Atlas Shrugged of Ayn Rand was now the second most influential book in the country and the first is the bible. How do this book and its author relate and even affect our situations now? I say it did relate and has really affected us because it is the story of a Russian immigrant women-Ayn Rand was told to American public. Rand has died in 1981, but by start of 1990s, her novel has become a phenomenon in the US. She let us know, in her speech, “Yes. I’m challenging the moral code of altruism, the precept that man’s moral duty is to live for others, that man must sacrifice himself to others. I say is that man is entitled to his own happiness and that he must achieve himself. And nor should he wish to sacrifice himself for the happiness of others. I hold that man should have self-esteem.” The group most inspired by her was the entrepreneurs of most American corporations nowadays, especially in Silicon Valley and politicians, such as, Bill Clinton and Alan Greenspan. Her idea was so simple that whatever you do is for your interest not for anybody else’s interests. The head of this country and America multinational corporations depend on this woman’s idea. The politicians were trying to involve other countries as much as possible by encouraging investing money and businesses overseas, so that American public would see how well they control the world and elect them. Moreover, the businessmen saw that American workers are so expensive to hire and they can make the same products with cheaper prices in developed countries. The greed of a small amount of people who keep the most money of the world leads to the injury of not only American workers but also their families.

They are hypocrites. When we ask them what they think about having 10% unemployment in this country, they answered that it was unacceptable, and they blamed China for our situation. They said that China does not play fair, because China under values its currency, their government gives them cheap energy, free land and low wages. But who is false that? Their currency is lower than their values when we compare it to the US dollar. In the article name “What is U.S Debt to China”, Kimberly Amadeo wrote, “ When the dollar falls in value, the Chinese government uses extra currency to buy Treasuries, which increases demand for the dollar, increasing its value” (1). Who let them do it? Are they our politicians and entrepreneurs? Their wages are cheaper than us because they dictate to their workers and have no regard for human rights. According to a journal of Charles Duhigg and David Barboza in The New York Times, “Employees work excessive overtime, in some cases seven days a week, and live in crowded dorms. Some say they stand so long that their legs swell until they can hardly walk” (1). It is the fact in one of China factories which manufacture for the APPLE company. Who does not play fair? American “bosses” know it, but they do not care about this issues in a foreign country. Their only concern is increasing quality and decreasing product costs in those factories.

How do we, as Americans, get out of there and get a job to support our families? There are two sides to answer this question: The first is that government does not create jobs, but businesses create jobs; the second is that economy is just not only the problem of money but also the problem of job. Let’s go to the first side. We should not limit American businesses in this country; we should export of America. I do not mean exporting jobs but truly exporting goods. Jeffrey R. Immelt, who is the chairman and CEO of General Electric, said “Export is something we make it here. We sell it over there.” The US percentage of export of GDP is 7%, and it is 40% in Germany even though Germany is a higher cost place than the US. We cannot say we do not manufacture here in America just because it costs more money than does it in China or India. It is not the time that people around the world should listen to us; it is the time for us to listen to their demands, so that we can make something that will sell in any corner of the world. With our modern technologies, useful skills and experiences that we do have, the world will adapt to our products and we should be proud of them. Some people suppose that we cannot export to others countries because they have VAT which is value-added tax, to penalize imports and subsidize exports, and America is the only developed economy that does not employ a VAT. It put us in massive trade disadvantages. Really, do they see we have Tariff in this country to tax on imports and exports? This means it is not easier for other countries exports to go to America rather our goods can sell in those countries. Are we going to give up? No way should we do this. It is better to make something that they cannot make that forces them to buy our goods. To do this we have to spend money in the R&D field. This means researching and developing. 30% of students in China are engineers, and on an article of CNN money named “Desperately seeking math and science major”, “undergraduate engineering majors are a shrinking proportion of the total, down from 6.8% to about 4.5% over the past 20 years” (Geoff Colvin 1). We are not spending money to build a foundation of exports. How can we manufacture something new if we do not design and develop it? Moreover, even when we have something special to make, we have to train our workers to manufacture something that we are not familiar with. We cannot take workers out of the industry that they have devoted their life, but we can retool them to be competitive so that they cans work with the new technologies and innovations. The second side is that we are workers but also consumers. Nowadays, we too easily select the products that we buy as long as they are cheap. We do not care about where are they from. I think Americans have to regain their pride in “Made in America” products. We should not buy cars from Japan or Korea when we can make them in Detroit. It is a virtuous circle; Russell Wayne Baker who is an American Pulitzer Prize-winning writer expressed his idea on The Journal Record, “If Americans, as some people want, could buy only goods made in the U.S.A., we would all have to think of something new to do instead of going shopping.”

In conclusion, capitalism is gaining short-term profits on exporting our jobs overseas without caring how much it affect our workers’ lives. If we do nothing, we will regret what we have done. Finally, our country will be left with no American factory for American workers; we are tightening ourselves with other countries’ resources. One day, our children will have to depend on foreign countries and they will no longer have freedom anymore which our ancestors fought 300 years ago.


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